The Meaning of Military?
The first answer that comes to the mind is a person who is in charge. However, we are focusing on the United States Armed Forces. They consist of five armed service factions, who are: the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and the Coast Guard. Also, there are three universal groups in the military namely; the veterans and retirees who are the past members of the military, the active duty also regarded as full-time soldiers and sailors, and the reserve & guard forces that usually are involved in a civilian job, but can be called to full-time military duty. The main focus of this article is to expose you to the basics in the hierarchy of the US military.
Firstly, the position of the Commander-In-Chief is solely held by the President of the United States. He is in charge of final decisions to be made in the country. The Department of Defense is controlled by the Secretary and has control over the military office. It is only Department of Homeland security that has supreme power over the Coast Guard branch. Every other branch is controlled by the Department of Defense. The Department of Defense can be rated the world’s largest company, because it has a staff size of over two million employees, both in the military and civilian.
The general mission of all the branches of the military in the US is to maintain security and peace. These military branches are explained below:
- Air Force and Air Force Reserve
The prominent goal of the UASF is to fly satellites, planes, and Helicopters. This branch is also known as the nation’s root for space power and air.
- Air National Guard
This is a different faction of the Air Force military group in the United States.
- Army and Army Reserve
This can be referred to as the supreme power over the land. It also protects properties throughout the world and various United States installations. For instance, the Army comes to a location, protects the area and imparts value and order before leaving.
- Marine Corps and Marine Corps Reserve
They are regarded as the first boots on the ground. The Marine Corps are well-tactical in fighting on land and sea. They are known as very violent and furious in wars. The United States also refer to them as their rapid-reaction force/unit.
- Navy and Navy Reserve
One of the main aims of the Navy and the Navy reserve is to protect and guard the seas/ oceans around the world, to establish smooth trading and travel and also to maintain stability and peace in the country. Their major operation is not limited to the sea, but also to the land and the air.
- Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve
This branch of the military is mainly involved in drug prevention, enforcing the law, clearing waterways and rescue operations. Their major aim is in clearing domestic waterways.
- Army National Guard
They are also referred to the elite group of warriors, who uses less of their time in serving the country. In the United States constitution, each state must have an Army National Guard. This is the only branch of the US military that is necessary for the constitution.
Where are all these Military men and women stationed?
The United States carries out their operations in more than hundred countries. These countries include Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Australia, Afghanistan, Italy, Iraq, Bahrain, etc.
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